What is Adderall 30mg?
Adderall 30mg is a prescription medication that contains two drugs: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It belongs to a class of medications called stimulants. It’s most commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It’s also used to treat narcolepsy.
Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine increase the availability of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. Together, these brain chemicals play a vital role in wakefulness and attention.
Side effects Adderall 30mg
Common side effects of Adderall include:
- difficulty sleeping
- decreased appetite
Children taking stimulant medications such as Adderall 30mg may also experience:
- temporarily delayed growth
- moodiness and irritability
In some cases, Adderall 30mg may cause more serious side effects. People should phone a doctor right away if they notice the following symptoms in themselves or a child in their care while taking Adderall:
- blurred vision
- increased blood pressure and heart rate
- chest pain
- shortness of breath
- cognitive impairments
- delusional thinking
- racing thoughts
The risk of serious side effects is higher among people with certain preexisting medical conditions, such as:
- heart problems or heart defects
- a history of stroke or heart attack
- high blood pressure
- circulatory problems
- depression or anxiety
- bipolar disorder
- drug misuse or addiction
- recent use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors
- an allergy or hypersensitivity to stimulant drugs
The dosage depends on which condition Adderall is treating and the age of the person taking it.
As a treatment for ADHD
The FDA do not recommend Adderall for children under 3 years of age.
Children aged 3–5 years should begin with a starting dosage of 2.5 milligrams (mg) per day. If necessary, a doctor may increase the daily dose by 2.5 mg at weekly intervals to establish the minimum effective dosage.
For children aged 6 years or above, the recommended starting dosage is 5 mg once or twice per day. The doctor may increase the daily dose by 5 mg each week until they find a dosage that works.
For adults with ADHD, the starting dosage of Adderall is 5 mg once or twice per day. If necessary, a doctor may then increase the daily dose by 5 mg at weekly intervals.
The recommended maximum daily dose (MDD) for adults with ADHD is 40 mg.
As a treatment for narcolepsy
Although it is rare, narcolepsy can sometimes occur in children under the age of 12 years.
For children 6–12 years in age, a doctor may prescribe Adderall at an initial dosage of 5 mg per day. They may increase the daily dose by 5 mg each week, stopping when they find the optimal dosage.
For children and adults aged 12 years and above, the FDA recommend a starting dosage of 10 mg per day. A doctor may raise the daily dose by 10 mg each week if necessary.
The MDD for adults with narcolepsy is 60 mg per day. A person will need to divide this amount into two or three smaller doses and take them throughout the day, rather than taking all 60 mg at once.