What is Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam)?
Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam) helps by promoting sleep, reducing anxiety and worry. Xanax Xr is also used to treat panic disorder with or without fear in open public space (agoraphobia), and for the short-term treatment of anxiety associated with depression.
Xanax 2mg (Alprazolam) is also effective for anxiety associated with depression and panic due to agoraphobia, the anxiety disorder that causes patients to fear and avoid places or situations that might trigger panic and make them feel trapped, helpless, or embarrassed.
What are the benefits of Xanax 2mg?
Xanax 2mg can be beneficial for people with anxiety or panic disorders.
Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by excessive or unwarranted anxiety and worry for a period of at least six months. Panic disorder is described by recurrent unexpected periods of intense fear, also known as a panic attack.
During a panic attack, a person will usually have a pounding or racing heart, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, a choking feeling, dizziness, fear, and other symptoms.
In clinical trials, Xanax was shown to be better than a placebo in improving anxiety symptoms in people with anxiety or anxiety with depression. For panic disorders, clinical studies found that Xanax significantly reduced the number of panic attacks experienced per week.
It isn’t known if Xanax is safe and effective when used to treat anxiety disorder for longer than 4 months or to treat panic disorder for longer than 10 weeks.
Dosage for Xanax
As with all medications, follow your prescription instructions exactly. Alprazolam is available in two formulations:
Alprazolam Tablet: Taken orally one to three times daily with water or another liquid. Tablets are available in 0.25mg, 0.5mg, 1mg, and 2mg doses.
Alprazolam XR: Taken once daily in the morning with water or another liquid. Tablets are available in 0.5 mg, 1mg, 2mg, and 3mg doses.
Do not drink alcohol while taking this medication; do not take it after eating a fatty meal.
The maximum dosage is typically 4mg daily for treatment of anxiety disorders. Treatment of panic disorders may require a higher dosage, up to 10mg per day. When taking a higher dosage, you should meet with your doctor regularly to consider dosage reduction. Doctors may recommend starting with a lower dosage for the elderly patients or patients with advanced liver or other debilitating disease who may be particularly sensitive to benzodiazepines.
The optimal dosage varies by patient; it is not determined by age, weight, or height, but rather by how a person metabolizes the medication. Your doctor may increase your dosage by 1mg per day.
When discontinuing treatment, or decreasing dosage, patients should work with a doctor to gradually taper the level of medication by no more than .5mg every three days. Stopping alprazolam suddenly can create withdrawal symptoms, and seizure can occur. Some patients may need to decrease dosage at an even slower rate.
Some patients develop a tolerance to alprazolam. Do not increase the dosage without discussing it with your doctor. Your doctor should periodically reassess if the treatment is still useful. Long-term treatment with alprazolam increases the risk of dependence, and may cause difficulty when terminating treatment.
Side Effects Xanax 2mg
Xanax 2mg has many side effects, and the following should be reported to your doctor immediately in case you need further medical attention or need to discontinue taking Xanax (your doctor may be able to prescribe an alternative medication).
- Allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips or tongue
- Confusion and forgetfulness
- Difficulty sleeping
- Difficulty speaking
- Feeling faint or lightheaded, which increases the risk of falls
- Mood changes, including feeling overly excitable or aggressive
- Muscle cramps
- Trouble passing urine or changes in the amount of urine
- Feeling unusually weak or tired
People on Xanax also sometimes experience changes in appetite or sex drive. (You don’t have to tell your doctor about these side effects unless they are bothersome.) You should not drive or operate machinery until you know how Xanax 2mg affects you.